Is Sports Betting Legal in My State?
When the Supreme Court struck down PASPA on May 14, the celebration ensued. The celebration, however, was short-lived because it was time to get back to work. The Supreme Court ruling opened the door for legalized sports betting, which was the first big step, but states still needed to put together the infrastructure necessary to implement this huge change to the betting landscape.
It was a little bit like getting your driver’s license, but not having a car to drive. The ruling struck down the outdated provisions that outlawed sports betting, but left lawmakers, legislators, and operators to their own devices in terms of figuring out how to get it all set up. Work had gone on behind the scenes for a long time in hopes that the day would come, but now that it has, the reality is that most states are nowhere near equipped to allow sports wagers to be placed within their borders.
The opposition from the leagues has mostly faded, although they are still looking for their cut via “integrity fees”. States certainly want their piece of the pie, both to line the pockets of the lawmakers and give back to the constituents in the form of roads, bridges, education, and the like. It would seem that the operators, who work on pretty thin margins of around 4-6 percent of the handle in a given game on average, can ill-afford to pay exorbitant tax rates or dish out integrity fees at the standard -110 vig.
We’ve touched on some of these topics already in various other articles on what the cost will be for the consumer, how quickly things will move, and what implications the Wire Act will have on all of this.
But, ultimately, what most gambling enthusiasts care about now is when their states will get sports betting up and running. Some states are far more equipped than others and will move a lot quicker than others. Other states will not move at all. It is believed that somewhere around 30 of the 50 states will have some form of legalized sports betting within five years, but things can change in this very fluid situation.
In order to help out our readers, we’ve put together 50 individual pages so that you can follow along with the progress in your state. Offshore options remain available for those that want to go that route, but this is all about updating the ongoing legislation to see when you will be able to bet in your place of residence or in one of the neighboring states.
Alabama is one of six states without a lottery, so an expansion of gambling could be an uphill battle. Then again, in Roll Tide land, will legalized sports betting create enough appeal to change the laws?
Alaska is also one of those six states without a lottery and takes it one step further by not having casinos. Is there any hope for sports wagering?
As a state that shares a border with Nevada, Arizona has a little bit more incentive than most states to get legalized sports betting off the ground and progress is definitely being made.
A state that embraces horse racing with big tracks at Oaklawn Park and Southland Park hasn’t really gotten out of the starting gate when it comes to sports betting.
Will Northern California, Southern California, and California all adopt sports betting when the state splits in three?! In spite of an enormous population and a lot of financial incentives, the Golden State has been slow to react to the strike down of PASPA.
Casino gambling isn’t all that widespread in Colorado, so the foundation for legalized sports betting really isn’t either. Is there a chance that changes quickly?
States that share borders with other states that are moving quickly on sports betting have accelerated timelines. While states across the northeast are moving at different paces, Connecticut is certainly moving forward.
Delaware was the first state in the union and the first state outside of Nevada to take a legal single-game wager. How did we get there and who is responsible for running the state’s operations?
Like a lot of states you will read about, Native American tribes have a lot of say in what happens in the casinos in Florida. How do they feel about sports betting and how close is it to being legalized?
The Peach State is one of the most interesting states with regards to legalized sports wagering. A lot of states are cut-and-dry or are already taking significant steps forward. As far as Bible Belt states go, Georgia is one firmly on the fence.
A lot of state budgets need the windfalls that legalized sports betting can provide. That isn’t so in the state of Hawaii. Will it ever happen?
States with small populations usually don’t have a lot of incentive to create something that would filter money into the state budget. On the other hand, some money is better than no money. That seems to be the crux of the argument in Idaho.
The state of Illinois butts up against a lot of states that are moving on sports betting, but also some that don’t have that same sense of urgency. Illinois is all but a lock to legalize it, but how long will that take?
States that border other states with legalized betting or casinos are likely to move quicker, but those that have the majority of their casinos near borders are also likely to move quickly. Indiana happens to fit that bill.
A lot of the states that have accelerated timelines for the legalization of sports betting were working on bills and discussions long before the Supreme Court struck down PASPA. The Hawkeye State is one of them.
Kansas, like Iowa, was one of those states that was looking to move forward before moving was *technically* allowed. With casinos and horse tracks, plus a big city that bisects the border in Missouri, the state will soon adapt the motto Rock Lay Chalk on the Jayhawks.
Churchill Downs and Keeneland are two of the most popular gaming venues in the country, but representatives in the commonwealth of Kentucky are still jockeying for position on legalized sports betting.
Some of Louisiana’s representatives took a proactive stance with sports betting before PASPA was even struck down, but a hastily-composed bill may have done more hard than good. Also, a significant wrinkle in Louisiana state politics could be a hindrance.
Sports betting isn’t the Maine priority for the legislation in the state, but it has been discussed a little bit and could be a thing in the near future.
Delaware is already accepting wagers and Pennsylvania is working towards a plan that works for the operators and the state. Will that accelerate the timeframe for Maryland?
New casinos are popping up in the state of Massachusetts, which is important because any expansion of gambling is a good thing with regards to legalized sports wagering.
If you were to assign a 1-through-10 scale to the intrigue level of each state, Michigan might be a 13. Which, consequently, is the number of times Ohio State has beaten the Wolverines since 2004.
Some states need dollars for the budget more than others. The state of Minnesota is a huge parcel of land with lots of infrastructure. Sports betting dollars may go farther there than in any other state.
If you were to rank the 50 states on May 14 when PASPA was struck down, where would Mississippi have ranked in likelihood of legalized sports betting? As it turns out, you better have to put them top five because this is happening.
Peer pressure is something that will reach a crescendo in the push for legalized sports betting, as a follow the leader concept will pop up with states that share borders with states that have already adopted legislation and have implemented wagering. Missouri is one of those states.
Sports betting isn’t even technically illegal in Montana, as the state was grandfathered into PASPA when it was signed into law in 1992. How will Montana proceed now that it’s legal everywhere?
While a lot of states had initial discussions or even put forth bills prior to the ruling on PASPA, Nebraska is not really one of them and it could be a while before betting becomes a reality, if it does at all.
Spoiler alert: Sports betting is already allowed in Nevada.
Some states are looking to use third-party operators in existing casinos or race tracks. Other states are looking to use the lottery. New Hampshire is the latter.
Sports betting is legal in New Jersey and the first bet was made on June 14. Read on to see how New Jersey is the state we have to thank for the strike down of PASPA.
New Mexico is one of the poorest states in the country, so legalized sports betting could be used to fund assistance programs. On the other hand, the opposition groups have plenty of data to shoot down an expansion of gambling.
It will only be a matter of time for New York to figure out how to run sports betting, but there are casinos spread across a large piece of land and the New York state representatives all have very different interests based on their districts, so there are a lot of i’s to dot and t’s to cross.
Gambling is very restricted in North Carolina, with one casino and an education lottery. As you would expect, the Tar Heel State is not moving quickly.
Among states that actually have a chance of legalized sports betting, none of them seem to be moving slower than the state of North Dakota.
Ohio’s rich tradition in the sports betting arena hasn’t created any sense of urgency for legalized wagering in the state. In fact, Ohio is sitting on the sidelines while bordering states are pushing forward.
Oklahoma got an earlier jump start than most states with regards to the strike down of PASPA, but that legislation didn’t go very far a couple of years ago. Now, as Oklahoma recent allowed for roulette and craps, it looks like only a matter of time.
As one of four states grandfathered into PASPA, Oregon hasn’t taken a sports bet since 2007. Oregon isn’t just looking to implement sports betting, they want to take it digital.
Pennsylvania is going to get sports betting sooner rather than later, but the state really needs to relax some of its licensing fees and tax rates, otherwise it won’t nearly be what they hope it will be.
Rhode Island is moving quickly to legalize sports betting and not lose out on any much needed monies that would otherwise go to neighboring states that are already taking bets.
Even though South Carolina does not have any land-based casinos and isn’t a big state when it comes to gambling, legislation has been introduced in the Palmetto State.
With a large territory, a small population, and a lack of casino gambling in the state, South Dakota is moving slower than many other states when it comes to legalized sports wagering.
The Volunteer State doesn’t seem to be too hellbent on volunteering for the cause as sports betting legislation picks up steam around the country. Tennessee is currently a long shot to move forward.
Texans sure do like to gamble, as evidenced by the lottery, but for now, the only parties interested in sports betting own professional teams in the Lone Star State.
LOL. No way, no know, no chance. But, click on the link anyway!
The Green Mountain State is the land of maple syrup and the home of a pretty good basketball team named the Catamounts, but it probably won’t be the home of sports betting anytime soon.
Virginia and Washington D.C. may go their separate ways on the sports betting issue, as we combined the commonwealth and the independent district in this link.
Washington is not moving swiftly when it comes to legalized sports betting, but with 29 casinos on tribal lands, it would take the support of elected officials and the input from the Native American tribes.
West Virginia is moving forward at a breakneck pace after passing legislation the predated the strike down of PASPA from the US Supreme Court.
The sense of urgency in some states has not crept over the borders into Wisconsin. A murky legal picture and a laissez-faire attitude seem to have things at a standstill.
Wyoming ranks 50th in population and 49th in population density, so the volume and the money may not be there to adopt legalized sports betting, but discussions are sort of taking place.